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What is the procedure of an endodontic treatment?

  • Taking the medical and dental history
  • Making detailed clinical oral and extraoral examination
  • Detailed X-ray examination (taking the initial X-ray, occasionally by two different horizontal angles, and carefully evaluating it)
  • Anaesthesia
  • Isolation of the injured tooth
  • Adequate pulp chamber access
  • Localization of canal orifices
  • Correct calculation of the length of every root canal
  • Instrumentation and Shaping of the root canals with special endodontic micro-tools (manual or mechanical)
  • Disinfection of the pulp chamber (crown chamber, root canals) with special antibacterial irrigation solutions
  • In several cases it’s necessary in between medical sessions to apply medication into the root canals in order to achieve further antibacterial action.
  • The last part of the endodontic treatment includes the three dimensional filling of the properly cleaned and shaped root canals. The main filling material used for this purpose is gutta-percha combined with several pastes, as well as ΜΤΑ in some cases.

Images of Technical Instrumentation of Anterior Tooth

ATTENTION: A lot of times, except for the initial and final X-ray, it is necessary to get more X-rays in between, during the endodontic treatment. The amount of radiation in the periapical X-rays during the endodontic treatment is minimum and therefor the X-rays are absolutely safe, as stated in international bibliography.

Images of Technical Instrumentation of Posterior Tooth